自动驾驶odd是什么意思(odd是什么意思的缩写)

提起odds,大家可能会把它和odd傻傻分不清楚,它表示「概率,可能性,机会」

不同于我们熟悉的odd这个形容词,odds是名词,以复数形式出现,也是外刊高频小词,它有两个常用词义。我会分两天给大家讲解。

1.表示「概率;可能性;机会」

英文释义是:the degree to which sth is likely to happen.

我们来看一些常见的搭配和外刊例句:

The odds are that…

The odds are that she'll win. = it is likely that she'll win.

《经济学人》一篇关于经济局势的文章有这样一句话:

The odds are, then, that the economy is not really stalling now, which may explain why the stockmarket has for the most part shrugged off the bad news.

有可能经济并没有真正的停滞不前,这也解释了为什么股票市场已基本摆脱了坏消息。

the odds of sth

You can narrow the odds of a nasty accident happening in your home by being more safety-conscious.

增强安全意识可以减少家中发生意外的可能性。

《纽约时报》一篇关于中国互联网寒潮的文章有这样一句话:

Rank-and-file tech workers in China, discouraged by a weakened job market and downbeat about their odds of joining the digital aristocracy, have other ideas.

中国科技行业的普通工作者对不景气的就业市场灰心丧气,对自己加入数字贵族阶层的机会持有悲观态度,他们有不同的看法。

《老友记》里有这样一句台词:

You do realise that the odds of that happening are a little slimmer.

你应该很清楚,这发生的概率微乎其微吧。

What are the odds?(口语)
这是一个美剧里的高频表达, 字面义是「几率有多大?」,往往用于感叹「太巧了!」

odds此时与chance很相近。chance也可以表示「可能性」,尤其是指希望某事发生的可能性,这一点与odds不同。英文解释是a possibility of sth happening, especially sth that you want。

我们一起看一下关于chances的例句:
chances of sth

The Economist

Some are inspired by a pure love of learning.But most also believe that spending three or four years at university—and accumulating huge debts in the process—will boost their chances of landing a well-paid and secure job.

他们中的有些是被纯粹的求知欲驱使。但是更多人相信读三四年大学将会有助于他们觅得高收入、稳定的工作。

The Economist

If the airline is not owned by one of the two states, its chances of winning permission nosedive.

如果航空公司属于第三国所有,获批的机会将锐减。

??Chances are …/ Chances are that…

The Economist

Think of the most taboo insult that is possible in English. Chances are you have one of just a few words in mind.

老友记

Chances are you are gonna get it.

odds 在表示「概率;机会」时有几个很高频的地道表达,大家可以灵活运用于自己的作文里:

The odds are stacked against sb

stack 作动词的意思是「把…堆放在一起」, 短语 the odds are stacked against sb 喻指「情况对…不利,胜算不在…这边」。

英文释义是:used to describe a situation in which someone does not have a good or fair chance of winning, succeeding, etc.

经济学人深度报道强奸案,难以伸张的正义,这篇文章里出现过这个表达:

They do so partly because the odds are stacked against them. In England and Wales in the 12 months to March 2019 only 1.5% of reported rapes ended in a criminal charge.

她们这样做的部分原因是自身处境的艰难。截至到2019年3月的12个月中,在英格兰和威尔士,只有1.5%的强奸案最终被刑事立案。

Forbes

The odds are stacked against women of color seeking venture funds.

有色人种女性在寻求风险投资时重重困难。

Bloomberg
Bloomberg一篇关于伊拉克问题的文章中这样写道:

The odds are stacked against the latest candidate attempting to become prime minister.

最新的这位试图当选的总统候选人不大可能会成功。

无耻之徒:He earned his scholarship with the odds stacked against him.

可以把…with the odds stacked against sb.这个句型背下来,表示「在形势对某人不利的情况下,某人做了某事」。

The odds are in favor of sb / The odds are in one’s favor

这两个词组的意思与The odds are stacked against sb相反,字面意思是“事情发生的概率对某人有利”,即「形势对某人有利」,英文释义是:someone is likely to succeed in what he/she is doing.


Forbes

We can never be sure since how government would have spent the money is uncertain, but the odds are in favor of the private sector.

不知道政府会怎么花这笔钱,因此我们对此也不确定,不过形势对私企有利。

大小谎言
The odds are in her favor.

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